Oct 26, 2021  
2011-2012 Undergraduate Catalog 
2011-2012 Undergraduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

University Requirements for a Baccalaureate Degree

Each student is personally responsible for completing all requirements established for his or her degree by the University, college, and department. It is the student’s responsibility to inform himself or herself of these requirements. A student’s advisor may not assume these responsibilities. Any substitution, waiver, or exemption from any established requirement or academic standard may be accomplished only with appropriate approval.

In addition to the requirements listed below, other requirements for a given degree and major may be determined by consulting the portion of the catalog devoted to the particular college or school offering the degree. International students must fulfill all requirements but should consult the special provisions described in Admission of International Students: Undergraduate Study  of this catalog.

  1. General Education Requirements: 41 semester hours selected from courses in 6 categories (see table below).
    General education, the foundation of the undergraduate collegiate experience, encompasses the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values that are obtained from studies in communication, mathematics, social and natural sciences, and humanities. General education is unbounded by academic disciplines and honors the relationships among bodies of knowledge. General education develops the cognitive process of reasoning essential for effective functioning and self-directed learning. General education provides opportunities for the student:
    • to think logically, critically, and creatively;
    • to communicate effectively both orally and in writing;
    • to read extensively and perceptively;
    • to explore moral and aesthetic values, social relationships, and critical thinking through the humanities;
    • to understand the importance of key social institutions, ethics and values, and how individuals influence events and function with others in these institutions throughout the world;
    • to appreciate creative and aesthetic expressions along with their impact on individuals and cultures;
    • to express, define, and logically explore questions about the world through mathematics;
    • to use computer technology to communicate and to solve problems;
    • to use acquired facts, concepts, and principles of the physical and natural sciences in applying the scientific process to natural phenomena;
    • to perceive the importance of wellness and values in human life;
    • to manifest a commitment to life long learning.

These outcomes will be acquired in the general education requirements with additional depth obtained in the curriculum of the major and through participation in extracurricular activities.

Common Catalog Statement Regarding General Education

Effective Fall Semester 2004, each institution in the State University and Community College System of Tennessee (The Tennessee Board of Regents System) will share a common lower-division general education core curriculum of forty-one (41) semester hours for baccalaureate degrees and the Associate of Arts and the Associate of Science degrees. Lower-division means freshman and sophomore courses. The courses comprising the general education curriculum are contained within the following subject categories:

Baccalaureate Degrees and Associate of Arts and Associate of Science Degrees*

  Communication 9 hours**
  Humanities and/or Fine Arts 9 hours
    (At least one course must be in literature.)  
  Social/Behavioral Sciences 6 hours
  History 6 hours***
  Natural Sciences 8 hours
  Mathematics 3 hours
    Total 41 hours

*Foreign language courses are an additional requirement for the Associate of Arts (A.A.) and Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degrees. The B.A. degree requires proficiency in a foreign language equivalent to completion of two years of college-level work. The A.A. degree requires proficiency in a foreign language equivalent to completion of one year of college-level work.

**Six hours of English Composition and three hours in English oral presentational communication are required.

***Students who plan to transfer to Tennessee Board of Regents (TBR) universities should take six hours of United States History (three hours of Tennessee History may substitute). Students who plan to transfer to University of Tennessee System universities or to out-of-state or private universities should check requirements and take the appropriate courses.

Although the courses designated by Tennessee Board of Regents (TBR) institutions to fulfill the requirements of the general education subject categories vary, transfer of the courses is assured through the following means:

  • Upon completion of an A.A. or A.S. degree, the requirements of the lower-division general education core will be complete and accepted by a TBR university in the transfer process.
  • If an A.A. or A.S. is not obtained, transfer of general education courses will be based upon fulfillment of complete subject categories. (Example: If all eight hours in the category of Natural Sciences are complete, then this “block” of the general education core is complete.) When a subject category is incomplete, course-by-course evaluation will be conducted. The provision of block fulfillment pertains also to students who transfer among TBR universities.
  • Institutional/departmental requirements of the grade of “C” will be honored. Even if credit is granted for a course, any specific requirements for the grade of “C” by the receiving institution will be enforced. In certain majors, specific courses must be taken also in general education. It is important that students and advisors be aware of any major requirements that must be fulfilled under lower-division general education.

Courses designated to fulfill general education by Tennessee Tech University are published below. A complete listing of the courses fulfilling general education requirements for all system institutions is available on the TBR website (www.tbr.state.tn.us) under Transfer and Articulation Information.

TTU Courses Recommended for the TBR General Education Core

Communication (9 hours)

English composition (6 hours)
ENGL 1010 - Writing I  3
ENGL 1020 - Writing II  3
English oral presentational communication (3 hours)
SPCH 2410 - Introduction to Speech Communication  3
PC 2500 - Communicating in the Professions  3

Mathematics (3 hours)

MATH 1010 - Introduction to Contemporary Mathematical Ideas  3
MATH 1130 - College Algebra  3
MATH 1410 - Survey of Elementary Mathematics I  3
MATH 1530 - Elementary Probability and Statistics  3
MATH 1630 - Finite Mathematics  3
MATH 1710 - Pre-calculus I  3
MATH 1720 - Pre-calculus II  3
MATH 1730 - Pre-calculus Mathematics  5
MATH 1830 - Concepts of Calculus  3
MATH 1910 - Calculus I  4

History (6 hours)

HIST 2010 - American History I  3
HIST 2020 - American History II  3

Humanities and/or Fine Arts (9 hours)

At least one literature course, selected from those marked with an asterisk (*), must be included in the 9 hours.
ART 1030 - Art Appreciation  3
*ENGL 2130 - American Literature  3
*ENGL 2230 - British Literature  3
*ENGL 2330 - World Literature  3
FREN 2510 - French Culture and Civilization  3
GERM 2520 - German Culture and Civilization  3
HIST 1010 - Survey of European Civilization I  3
HIST 1020 - Survey of European Civilization II  3
HIST 1110 - World Civilizations I  3
HIST 1120 - World Civilizations II  3
HIST 1310 - Science and World Cultures  3
MUS 1030 - Music Appreciation  3
PHIL 1030 - Introduction to Philosophy  3
SPAN 2510 - Spanish Culture and Civilization  3
SPAN 2550 - Latin American Culture and Civilization  3
THEA 1030 - Introduction to Theatre  3

Social/Behavioral Sciences (6 hours)

AGBE 2010 - World Food and Society  3
ANTH 1100 - Introduction to Anthropology  3
ECON 2010 - Principles of Microeconomics  3
ECON 2020 - Principles of Macroeconomics  3
GEOG 1120 - Human Geography  3
GEOG 1130 - Geography of Natural Hazards  3
POLS 1000 - American Government  3
PSY 2010 - General Psychology  3
SOC 1010 - Introduction to Sociology  3
WGS 2010 - Introduction to Women and Gender Studies  3

Natural Sciences (8 hours)

ASTR 1010 - Introduction to Modern Astronomy  4
ASTR 1020 - Introduction to Modern Astronomy  4
BIOL 1010 - Introduction to Biology I  4
BIOL 1020 - Introduction to Biology II  4
BIOL 1110 - General Zoology  4
BIOL 1120 - General Botany  4
BIOL 1310 - Concepts of Biology and Environment  3
BIOL 2010 - Human Anatomy and Physiology I  4
BIOL 2020 - Human Anatomy and Physiology II  4
CHEM 1010 - Introduction to Chemistry I  4
CHEM 1020 - Introduction to Chemistry II  4
CHEM 1110 - General Chemistry I  4
CHEM 1120 - General Chemistry II  4
CHEM 1310 - Concepts of Chemistry  3
GEOL 1040 - The Dynamic Earth  4
GEOL 1045 - Earth Environment, Resources, and Society  4
GEOL 1310 - Concepts of Geology  3
PHYS 1310 - Concepts of Physics  3
PHYS 2010 - Algebra-based Physics I  4
PHYS 2020 - Algebra-based Physics II  4
PHYS 2110 - Calculus-based Physics I /PHYS 2111  (lab) 4 (3+1)
PHYS 2120 - Calculus-based Physics II /PHYS 2121  (lab) 4 (3+1)
  1. Special course requirements:
    1. English must be taken each semester, except the summer, until this requirement is completed. ENGL 1010 -ENGL 1020  may not be dropped. Correspondence credit in ENGL 1010 -ENGL 1020  will not be accepted.
    2. The prerequisite for ENGL 1020  is a grade of C or better in ENGL 1010 , and the prerequisite for a 2000-level English course is a grade of C or better in ENGL 1020 . If a transfer student has completed two semesters of composition and has a grade of D in ENGL 1020 , then the student must repeat ENGL 1020  before beginning the literature courses. ESL classes do not satisfy the ENGL 1010  and ENGL 1020  communication requirement of the general education core, nor do these courses count toward any degree requirements.
    3. Students must take a mathematics course, including ADP if necessary, no later than their second semester at TTU and take mathematics each semester thereafter until the mathematics general education core requirement is satisfied.
  2. Completion of the curriculum for the major subject and degree chosen, as outlined under the department in which the major is offered. A major is outlined under the chosen curricula and must contain at least 6 hours of upper division in residence at Tennessee Technological University. 
  3. A minimum of 120 semester hours, including 36 hours of 3000 and 4000 level upper-division credit approved courses are required for a baccalaureate degree*. Not more than 33 semester hours may be earned by correspondence, workshop or extension, or by a combination of these and special examination. Not more than 12 semester hours in music ensembles, Physical Education 1010-1990, and Military Science activity courses may be counted toward graduation. (Not more than 12 semester hours of credit in activity courses may be counted toward the Bachelor’s degree requirement.)
    *Programs requiring fewer than 120 hours must have the approval of the Academic Council.
  4. A general quality point average of 2.0 (C) and a general average of 2.0 in the courses offered in the major subject. Transfer students also must attain at Tennessee Technological University a general average of 2.0 and an average of 2.0 in the courses taken in the major subject.
  5. Residence: To meet the residence requirements, a student must complete at least 25 percent of the credit for the degree requirements including a minimum of 24 of the last 30 semester hours of 3000 and 4000 level requirements at Tennessee Technological University.
  6. Each academic department is to ensure that its candidates for graduation have satisfactorily corrected deficiencies in communication skills so that they will be able to read, write, speak, and comprehend on a level that will permit them to function successfully in their chosen fields as college graduates.
  7. All faculty members are encouraged to report students judged deficient in communication skills to the student’s major department for referral to the Writing Center.
  8. Students who are majoring in another field but are taking course work in the College of Business must limit credit for the degree in business courses to 25 percent of the degree or 24 hours for the 120 hour degree as limited by AACSB.
  9. Definition of Minors: A minor is 15 hours. A student may elect to complete more than one minor.
    1. A minor in any specific discipline in the College of Arts and Sciences must include 6 Upper Division hours. A minor in English may not include ENGL 1010  or ENGL 1020  . A minor in Mathematics must include MATH 1910  and MATH 1920  and it may not include a course numbered below MATH 1910 .
    2. A minor in Art, Music or Physical Education may contain no more than 4 hours of individual instruction, ensemble, or activity courses. Other minors are defined as follows:

Agriculture: 15 hours (including 6 upper division hours) approved by the student’s academic advisor.

Art: A minor in art is ART 1010 - Two-Dimensional Design  or ART 2010 - Three-Dimensional Design , ART 1030 - Art Appreciation , ART 2310 - Drawing I, Introduction , and Studio Electives—6 credit hours.

Business: A minor in Business shall consist of ACCT 3720 , BMGT 3510 , MKT 3400 , FIN 3210 , and LAW 3810 . Students must also complete ECON 2010 -ECON 2020  for the Social Science component of their General Education requirements or as General Electives.

Computer Science:  Students must complete fifteen (15) semester hours of CSC courses including CSC 2110 , CSC 2111  and at least six (6) upper division CSC hours.

Education: Any combination of 15 semester hours chosen from Art Education (ARED), Early Childhood Education (ECED), Educational Psychology (EDPY), Elementary Education (ELED), Foundations of Education (FOED), Music Education (MUED), Reading (READ), Secondary Education (SEED), and Special Education (SPED).

Human Ecology: A minor must include HEC 1000 , HEC 1010 HEC 3011  and eight credit hours of HEC electives.

Humanities: Any combination of 15 semester hours chosen from Art (ART), English (ENGL), Foreign Languages (FREN, JAPN, SPAN, or RUSS), Music (MUS), Philosophy (PHIL), and Theatre (THEA). Note: ENGL 1010  -ENGL 1020  may not be included in the minor.

Industrial and Systems Engineering: ISE 3100 - Engineering Economy , ISE 3200 - Engineering Statistics  and a set of three additional courses to be chosen as follows:

Emphasis in Engineering Management: BMGT 3510 - Management and Organization Behavior , ISE 4000 - Engineering Leadership and Project Management , and ISE 4510 - Engineering Design Internship  or other engineering capstone design course with team-based project.

Emphasis in Quality Engineering: Six Sigma Tools: ISE 3220 - Design of Experiments , ISE 4230 - Quality Control , ISE 4240 (5240) - Quality Engineering 

Emphasis in Engineering Decision Science: ISE 3400 - Operations Research , ISE 3800 - Information Systems for Industrial Engineering , ISE 3410 - Simulation of Industrial Systems  .

Emphasis in Manufacturing Engineering: ISE 3310 - Process Improvement Techniques , ISE 4600 (5600) - Production Control , ISE 4650 - Lean Production Systems 

Science: Any combination of 15 semester hours chosen from Biology (BIOL), Chemistry (CHEM), Geology (GEOL), and Physics (PHYS).

Manufacturing and Industrial Technology: Students must complete fifteen (15) semester hours to include nine (9) lower division MIT hours and six (6) upper division MIT hours.

Music: A minor in music is MUS 1030 - Music Appreciation , MUS 1120 - Harmony I , MUS 3010 - Music History and Literature I  1, MUS 3020 - Music History and Literature II  1, MUS Applied Study2, and MUS Ensemble.

1 Prerequisite: MUS 1030 .

2 Two semesters required.

Social Science: Any combination of 15 semester hours chosen from Criminal Justice (CJ), Economics (ECON), Geography (GEOG), History (HIST), Psychology (PSY), Political Science (POLS), and Sociology(SOC).

Speech Communication: A minor in speech communication will consist of SPCH 2410  or PC 2500  and at least 4 courses from the following: SPCH 3620 , SPCH 3630 , SPCH 3120 , SPCH 3130 , SPCH 3610  , SPCH 4410 , SPCH 4630 (5630) , SPCH 4430 (5430)  , and LING 4440.

** Exception: A minor in Business for Manufacturing and Industrial Technology consists of  ECON 2010 , ECON 3610 ; BMGT 3510 , DS 3520 , ACCT 3720  and BMGT 3630  or BMGT 4520 (5520)  or DS 3620  or DS 3540  .

  1. Exams for teaching licensure: All students, irrespective of the College or School in which enrolled who will have completed licensure requirements for teacher education as a part of the total hours required for graduation are required to take the Praxis II (NTE) Examinations: the Core Battery and the appropriate specialty examination(s).
  2. Catalog to follow: To graduate, a student meets the requirements of the catalog effective at the time he or she entered the curriculum, provided graduation is within seven years from that entrance date, or the catalog in effect at the time of graduation. If a student is out of the university at least one full year, the student must meet with the department chairperson upon re-entering into the program to determine which catalog to follow. “Catalog” refers specifically to degree requirements in this section. Degree requirements for all students, regardless of date of enrollment in their curricula, may be subject to change prior to the publication of a new catalog when the implementation of curricular changes is necessary to maintain quality programs. The designated catalog for graduation must be approved by the departmental chairperson if different from the one in effect when a student entered the curriculum or the catalog in effect at the time of graduation. Students entering a curriculum in the summer are expected to follow the catalog for the next academic year. A Tennessee public community college student may select the Tennessee Tech Catalog effective at the time he or she enters the community college if that student enrolls at Tennessee Tech within six years and continues in the major chosen while in community college.
  3. Credit which was earned earlier than ten years prior to the proposed date of graduation will be subject to review and approval by the academic department of the student’s major.
  4. Filing of application for Graduation: All candidates for an undergraduate degree should file a written application for graduation in the Office of Records and Registration prior to two semesters of their anticipated graduation. The final day to apply for a given class is:
  Graduation Semester
Last day to Apply for Graduation
    *Summer 2010   May 7, 2010
    Fall 2010   August 6, 2010
    Spring 2011   December 17, 2010
    *Summer 2011   May 6, 2011
  *There will not be a commencement ceremony for those graduating in August. Students who wish to participate will be allowed to return to the University for the December commencement ceremony.
  1. Completion of requirements policy: All requirements for graduation must be filed in the Office of Records and Registration no later than 2 days prior to commencement with the exception of transfer work in progress. All transcripts must be received no later than 2 weeks after the commencement date otherwise the student graduates the following semester.
  2. The University will modify degree requirements when possible for students whose disabling conditions prevent completion. Students whose disability might prevent completion of a program should consult with the Office of Admissions when applying for admission or with his or her academic advisor during the first semester of enrollment.

Students may be required to take one or more tests designed to measure general education achievement and achievement in major areas as a prerequisite to graduation, for the purpose of evaluation of academic programs. Students should sign up as indicated. Unless otherwise provided for any individual program no minimum score or level of achievement is required for graduation. Participation in testing may be required of all students in selected programs, and of students selected on a sample basis.